Thanks for that Vern;
What about the 'reed-in-a-pipe', as
seen in the reed-organ or street/barrel-organ, as well as in the 'Asian
mouth organ'. How does the pipe effect the pitch of the reed?
I am thinking of attaching a
harmonica reed to a thin pipe (on it's exterior circumference) and
playing around with it.
According to Pat Missin's site and
another linked to it, there were/are instruments like this, but the
range of a free reed in a variable length (ie with finger holes) pipe is
limited to an octave, and the further from ther fundamental pitch, the
weaker the tone.
This is why, it would seem, free reed
instruments make use of multiple reeds and/or pipes.
I imagine the reed in a sax, clarinet
etc (a 'fixed' reed?) can be supported by the players mouth making tone
production a negotiable proposition.
I can't help thinking of the endemic
tuning problems of fretted instruments compared to the piano, which has
a string for each note.
"Vern Smith" <jevern@xxxxxxx> 23/04/2007 17:46:22 >>>
----- Original Message -----
From: "Rick Dempster" <rick.dempster@xxxxxxxxxxx>
To: <harp-l@xxxxxxxxxx>; "Jeff roulier" <jroulier@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
Sent: Sunday, April 22, 2007 10:52 PM
Subject: Re: Re: [Harp-L] Comb material
I am still unclear myself about the differences or
relationship between the harmonica and fixed reed instruments, such
clarinet, sax etc., which must bear similarities to other non-reed
instruments such as trumpet, flute tenor horn, trombone etc. etc.
Any info on these subjects would be much appreciated by
Harmonica and accordian are free-reed instruments. The reed swings
and doesn't touch anything. There are no resonant tubes in the
In Clarinet and sax the reed slaps the mouthpiece every cycle.
Oboe and bassoon are double reed instruments in which each reed slaps
another reed coming in the opposite direction sort of like clapping
The flute is essentially a whistle.
All the woodwinds have a resonant tube whose effective length is
opening holes to the outside. Although these instruments (except
have flared bells, most of the sound emanates from the first open
In trumpets, trombones, tubas, etc., the player's lips act as double
one slapping the other as they come together in a sort of Bronx
In brass instruments, the length of the resonant tube is changed by
(dis)connecting extra lengths of tubing of various lengths by means of
The player selects various resonant registers by varying the muscular
tension in his lips.
Materials make a substantial difference in tone in stringed
drums, and bells, but not in harmonicas or wind instruments..